Cumulative Effects

Metlakatla Cumulative Effects Management Initiative

Managing Impacts from Multiple Developments in Metlakatla Territory

In response to proposed development the Metlakatla First Nation identified the need to develop a cumulative effects management (CEM) program. “Cumulative Effects” are changes to values due to past, present and future human actions. “Cumulative Effects Management” will track and manage the condition of priority values that may be impacted by project development and other activities in the territory. Because CEM monitors a wide range of Metlakatla values; outcomes of the project will provide all Metlakatla offices and leaders standard data that assist us in making better decisions.

Metlakatla CEM Concept

CEM Steps

The CEM initiative is divided into phases. The focus of Phase 1 (steps 1-6) was developing a CEM framework, characterizing 10 priority values and associated indicators, and developing an implementation plan to guide future efforts.

What is the CEM Project Measuring and Monitoring?

Over the course of two workshops, Metlakatla members and managers identified 10 priority values. A Values Foundation Implementation Guide and ten detailed Indicator Guide Sheets were prepared for the following values:

  • Chinook Salmon
  • Butter Clams
  • Adequate housing
  • Access to health services
  • Chronic health conditions
  • Wealth distribution
  • Economic self-sufficiency
  • Personal safety
  • Governance of Metlakatla lands
  • Food, Social and Ceremonial activity

Phase 2 (May 2015 to February 2016) included:

  • Administered the Metlakatla Membership Census to collect socio-economic data. Data was collected on demographics of the members, housing, crime and safety, health and cultural activities carried out by members.
  • Convened a Butter Clam working group comprised of Metlakatla members and external experts to inform the development of butter clam monitoring framework.
  • Developed a work plan for the 4 “pilot” indicators: Traditional activities participation rates, adequate housing, high school completion, and butter clams

Phase 3 (February 2016 onwards) will include:

Establishing management benchmarks for pilot values
Implementation of CEM monitoring for pilot values
Ongoing administration of the Metlakatla Census


Regional Cumulative Effects Initiatives

Metlakatla is also participating in several regional cumulative effects initiatives which will examine a wider range of values in collaboration with other First Nations and government agencies:

  • Cumulative Effects Monitoring Initiative (CEMI)
  • Environmental Stewardship Initiative (ESI)
  • Tsimshian Environmental Stewardship Authority (TESA)
  • Marine Planning Partnership (MaPP) North Coast Marine Plan implementation


For more information on the Metlakatla CEM initiative, refer to the Phase 1 Executive Summary.